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Ricardo Moraes/Reuters 

Residents of Rio de Janeiro are spending its one-year Olympic anniversary processing the news that the State University of Rio, one of the nation’s best, has suspended classes for the second semester due to the budgetary crisis.

Thousands of police have been taken off Rio’s streets in the past year, city clinics are closing their doors, and there has been dismal interest in patronizing Rio’s $20 million Olympic golf course — built on an environmental reserve — and the almost completely unsold luxury housing that was once the athletes village.

Each week on The World, we feature a unique selection of music. And most every week, we put together the highlights for you here. 

Jamaican sprinter Usain Bolt is currently the fastest man in the world. And this weekend, at the World Athletics Championships in London, Bolt will run his final 100 meters. There are years of musical tributes to him. 

Adrees Latif/Reuters

At a glance, Thailand seems an unlikely destination for North Koreans seeking to defect from their abusive state.

For starters, the two nations are separated by about 3,000 miles. Most of that distance is consumed by China, which tends to scoop up intruding North Korean refugees and ship them back home, where they face grim retaliation in gulags.

Yet each year, hundreds and sometimes thousands of North Koreans make this grueling overland journey from their frigid homeland to the tropics of Southeast Asia.

In 2014, Matthew Tueller, a career US diplomat, had barely settled into his new post in Sanaa, the capital city of Yemen, when a civil war began. Tueller is still the US Ambassador to Yemen, but his embassy is now located more than 500 miles away in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, far from the fighting — and an unfolding humanitarian crisis.

Katerina Karrys Barron packed her two toddlers in the back seat of her gold Honda sedan and set course towards Mexico. She hadn’t slept all night, and it seemed like the months her husband was detained were an eternity.

Still, his deportation came sooner than she expected.

“I don’t know whether to laugh or cry when I see him,” she said, as she got on Interstate 19, the highway that leads to Nogales, Arizona. She was in the last hour of a 180-mile drive to the southern border from Phoenix.

Here’s a typical day for an office worker in Spain: Arrive at 9 a.m. Midmorning, pop down to a cafe for a coffee and small sandwich. Work until 2 p.m. Head home for lunch — by the way, nowadays, hardly anyone takes a siesta. Then, be back to work by 4 p.m. to get out by 7 p.m. Eat dinner at 10 p.m., and watch TV until midnight or later.  

“It’s a long day,” said Barcelona lawyer Arnau Martí, still at his desk past 8 p.m. on a recent weekday.

The nurse at the clinic stood there explaining. Nhlanhla sat in silence.

What was there for her to say really? Nhlanhla was 16. Pregnant. And she had just tested positive for HIV.

This, she thought — this is how you die.

“I wanted to hold myself and not to cry,” Nhlanhla explains. ”But you know, I didn’t make it. I cried, and then I cried enough.”

Momentum builds to end surgery on intersex newborns

Aug 4, 2017

America is at something of a turning point when it comes to issues of gender identity and gender expression.

Though messaging from the White House has become increasingly hostile, transgender Americans are slowly gaining more societal acceptance. Just this week, the commandant of the US Coast Guard said he would not “break faith” with transgender personnel, and would not enforce President Donald Trump’s ban on transgender servicemembers in the military.

Reuters/Jim Urquhart

World leaders reacted with anger and defiance after President Donald Trump announced today that the United States was quitting the 2015 Paris climate agreement.

Led by Germany's Angela Merkel and France's Emmanuel Macron, leaders abroad branded Trump's decision as misguided and vowed to defend an accord they portrayed as crucial for the future of the planet.

There are some 320 million people in the US. 43 million of them were born abroad. More than 20 million immigrants are US citizens. About 11 millionpeople are undocumented and more than 5.1 million children have one or more undocumented parents. 860,000 people have applied for temporary legal status because they were brought to the US without proper documentation as children. More than 500,000 people are waiting for their cases to be heard in immigration courts. Some 270,000 people in the US came as refugees. On any given day, about 40,000 people are in immigration detention.

The end of cars that run on petroleum may now be in sight.

Think 2050, the middle of this century.

The latest strong signal of the turn away from the internal combustion engine toward cleaner electric motors is coming from the UK.

The British government announced last week it will ban the sale of new gas and diesel cars by the year 2040.

No country for sanctuary seekers

Aug 3, 2017

President Donald Trump has promised to withdraw federal money from places that do not help immigration agents find and deport people living illegally in this country. This week, we look into places that offer sanctuary to those migrants – and what the conflict between local and federal policies means for people living illegally in the United States and those who depend on them.

Painting by William Mulready/<a href="">Walters Art Museum Public Domain</a>

If you think you know Jane Austen's England, think again. It was a little more diverse than you might imagine. London's first Indian restaurant opened in 1810. And then in the 1820s, a young American man burst onto the scene and quickly became one of the country's leading Shakespearean actors.

His name was Ira Aldridge. And he was black.

This week, Aldridge was honored in the city of Coventry with a plaque on the site of the theater where he first came to prominence.

Courtesy of Malachy McAllister

Over the years, as judges and immigration officials have analyzed Malachy McAllister’s life to determine whether he should be allowed to stay in the US, they’ve focused on two events that happened 30 years ago in Northern Ireland: In one, McAllister acted as a look-out during an attack on a policeman; in the other, McAllister’s family was ambushed in their home.

Depending on how the government weighs these events, McAllister is either an Irish terrorist or a persecuted asylum seeker.

Carlos Barria/Reuters

President Donald Trump on Wednesday threw his weight behind efforts to give English-speakers priority for US residency cards and reducing the number of legal immigrants admitted to the country by half.

Trump backed proposals that would reform the process of obtaining a US green card by introducing a points-based system favoring skilled Anglophone workers.

Around 1 million immigrants are granted permanent residency each year, but the draft legislation — presented at the White House by Trump and two senators who crafted it — aims to cut that number by around 50 percent.

After Arpaio guilty verdict, immigrant advocates want his legacy dismantled

Aug 3, 2017

News that former Maricopa County Sheriff Joe Arpaio was found guilty of criminal contempt of court spread quickly through Phoenix’s immigrant community on Monday. That evening, a dozen women — most of them of Mexican descent — stood in front of a giant balloon effigy of Arpaio wearing a striped prison uniform, and cheered.

Ya cayó, ya cayó, Arpaio ya cayó,” they chanted in Spanish, which roughly translates to “Arpaio has fallen.”

Here's a riddle for you. 

There's a man with roots in Sierra Leone, but who was born and raised in the US. If he creates music that has roots in the sounds of Sierra Leone, is it cultural appropriation? And what if a legendary Sierra Leonean roots musician gladly collaborates with him?

How do you explain immigration law to a fifth-grader?

Aug 3, 2017
<a href="">5th Luna/Flickr (CC BY-NC 2.0)</a>

The challenge: Bring immigration law to life for a room of fidgety fifth-graders.

Specifically, I need to bring it to life for fifth-graders who have already heard from a dozen other parents on Career Day in May — including an actual rocket scientist. I am an immigration lawyer and professor. The room is warm, and the kids sit at their desks, sets of four scattered around the room. The looks on their faces are tired and skeptical. My daughter at her desk is alternately hopeful and nervous that I will embarrass her.

My plan? Talk about Pokémon.

The Rules

A food vendor in Los Angeles is receiving an outpouring of support after a man flipped over his food cart. The altercation, which was caught on tape, also highlights an ongoing debate in LA about whether street food vending should be legalized.

Benjamín Ramírez, a Mexican immigrant, frequents the Hollywood neighborhood with his pushcart, selling shaved-ice slushies and Mexican street corn.

There were Indian troops at Dunkirk, too

Aug 2, 2017

"Dunkirk" has been the surprise box office hit of the summer. It recounts the tale of how the beaten British army escaped the Germans at the beginning of World War II, from a beach at Dunkirk, in northern France.

It’s a surprise hit in the US considering the fact that there's not a single American character in it. America wouldn't even be fighting in northwest Europe for another four years.

But it’s not the absence of an American angle that has caused a minor stink. Commentators in Britain and India are complaining that no Indian soldiers are portrayed in the movie.

Johanna de Tessières

It is not easy to find gay women in Senegal. Homosexuality is illegal in the country, though several small LGBT rights groups operate there. But because they were founded during the AIDS crisis and considered as actors in keeping down HIV infection rates, they are focused on men. Lesbian women are now starting to fight for recognition, both in the broader culture that rejects them and in the activist world that leaves them out.

Afghan women say, call me by my name

Aug 2, 2017
Mohammad Ismail

"What's your mother's name?" It might sound like a simple question with a straightforward answer. Not in Afghanistan.

According to Afghan tradition, it's taboo to publicly reveal a woman's real name. Any time an Afghan man wants to identify a female relative, a verbal dance begins.

Black-headed, Milk-sharer, Mother of Children, My Household. Those are just some ways men refer to women.

As the complicated and messy fight over immigration policy drags on, immigration detention centers are costing American taxpayers billions.

Last year, Immigration and Customs Enforcement spent more than $3 billion dealing with immigrants facing deportation. But that figure doesn’t tell the whole story.

The rap on Washington and the Trump administration these days is that nothing is getting done.

Well, tell that to anyone concerned about the climate crisis.

Sure, most of President Donald Trump’s legislative initiatives have gone nowhere in Congress.

Being 'endlessly sorry' may not put an end to VW's emissions scam troubles

Aug 2, 2017

Volkswagen’s CEO Martin Winterkorn has said he's ‘endlessly sorry’ that his company rigged the pollution control systems of millions of its diesel cars to show bogus emission levels during tests.

The company's US business chief, Michael Horn, admits VW "totally screwed up" and dramatically mislead the public and regulators. “Our company was dishonest with the EPA, and the California Air Resources Board and with all of you," Horn said at an auto industry event in New York.

Ali Hashisho/Reuters

Newcomers to the Quran might be surprised to find that the Prophet Muhammad is only mentioned a handful of times in the Muslim holy book. 

The prophet whose name is mentioned most? That would be Moses — indeed, the very same Moses from the Book of Exodus. 

Jesus, the son of Mary, is mentioned numerous times in the Quran. And the Islamic version of the Jesus story, it turns out, tracks quite closely to the one that Christians know. 

The Quran has a whole chapter about Mary, who is the only woman mentioned by name in the holy book.

Forget the seven deadly sins. In the universe of President Donald Trump, there is but a single deed more grievous than all the others.

It’s leaking.

Talking out of school — so to speak — is strictly verboten within the Trump inner circle. But it keeps happening.

This time, it was a talk by Jared Kushner, the president’s son-in-law and one of his top advisers at the White House. Kushner was speaking to a group of congressional interns on Monday. They were told not to record the Q&A with the president's son-in-law.

We love music here at The World, and we love to share our latest favorites with you. From a feminist and rebel in Buenos Aries to a Latin-funk act in Austin, give a listen to some of what we loved in July.

Korea's G-Dragon is on tour, but not for long

Korean pop star G-Dragon is drawing big crowds in the US. But he may not be on the scene for long. He's about to start his compulsory military service in Korea.

Jose Cabezas

In 2014, parents and children from Central America began arriving at the US-Mexico border in unprecedented numbers. Many were fleeing extreme gang violence in Honduras, Guatemala and El Salvador. Migrants told stories of being extorted at gunpoint, raped, kidnapped, and their families killed.  

Frank Hessenland/PRI

When I met Ali Daas and his family in May of last year in a refugee camp in Greece, they had been without a home since early 2015. After ISIS invaded their hometown of Palmyra, Syria, they escaped to Turkey, then came in a boat to Greece. Since then they’d lived in a series of temporary apartments and several refugee camps.